Zika Virus Prevention
The Zika virus is carried by infected mosquitos and humans. It can be transmitted by a bite from an infected mosquito or sexually transmitted by an infected person.
The Facts About the Zika Virus
Most areas in Texas experience a long mosquito season, which means it's important to take steps to prevent the Zika virus throughout the summer and even into the early fall months.
In addition, many people travel to and from places where the Zika virus is active and spreading.
The Zika virus can cause fever, join pain, rash, red or pink eyes, but roughly 80 percent of people infected don't become ill or experience symptoms.
Birth defects have been linked to the Zika virus when a pregnant woman is infected, although she may not experience symptoms or know she is infected. These birth defects include microcephaly, a symptom that causes a baby's head to be much smaller than expected, and developmental delays.
In rare cases, the Zika virus can cause Guillain-Barre syndrome, a condition that causes your immune system to attack part of your nervous system.
What Can I Do to Prevent the Zika Virus?
- Use insect repellent approved by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Cover exposed skin with long-sleeved shirts and long pants while outdoors, weather permitting.
- When the weather is warmer, you can also wear lightweight, loose-fitting clothing that covers exposed skin.
- Keep windows and doors closed to keep mosquitos out.
- If you are in a sun room or patio area, use a screen to keep mosquitos away from your skin.
- Remove standing water both inside and outside your home. Examples:
- Plant saucers
- Other containers that can hold water
- Cover trash cans and related items/areas where water can collect.
For more information, visit TexasZika.org